SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) Grades
Please note – The example used (10w40), can also be shown as 10/40 and 10w-40. These are all the same grade (it’s just some people prefer to write it differently!)
|Meaning||Defines the viscosity (thickness) of the oil at it’s coldest operating temperatures.
This first number is used to show the viscosity of the oil used in an engine during winter when starting the vehicle from cold. The ‘w’ stands for ‘winter’.
Different countries often require different grades of oil, depending on how warm or cold the winters are. e.g. 10w40 is often used in the U.K, where as a country that has harsher or colder winter might use a 5w40 weight oil. The oil viscosity or weight for cold temperatures is tested at 0°F. Generally speaking, the higher the number, the thicker the oil
|This is the number or grade that defines the oils viscosity or thickness at higher operating temperatures.
The oil viscosity or weight for hot temperatures is tested at 200°F.